Preparatore Atletico

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Paul Gotsis - Soccer Conditioning Specialist

Δευτέρα, 9 Ιουλίου 2018

HIITraining in Soccer Sample (3) Potenza Aerobica (Metabolic Power Training)

Aerobic High Intensity Training with Technical Skills
We present the aerobic-anaerobic high intensity training :

15''-30''High Intensity Intermittent Training : 15'' Work Box to Box :72-75m Rest:Active Recovery Technical skills passing on pairs .In this video the author propose distance 80m in 15'' with active recovery 30'' ,8-10 repetitions Duration:6-7'min  2-4 Set .Rest Set :2-3'min .

15''-45'' High Intensity Intermittent Training : Run at high intensity more tha 18km/h from center circle to corner flag and return in 16'' the distance covered is 100 yard (91m) and the recovery in the circle is 44'', harte-rate is between (155-170b/1') .The players wears GPS monitors and we individualized the pace based the aerobic fitness level . (Both and in the 2 exercises you can adjust this distance depend the vVo2max of yours players e.x different distance for the player who has 17km/h vVo2max different distance for the player has 18km/h  with this ways you can seperate the team in groups depend the vVo2max ).

These methods can be followed in the Second or Third 
week in the Preparation Period  .For a team that the 
players are a long time with,I propose to make from
the second week this kind of training.

As you can see in the next table (Bucheit and Laursen 2013)
the desired metabolic and /or neuromascular load of the HIT
sessions with Short or Long Intervals .

All the Scientific approaches conclude that the
active recovery ,engage more the anaerobic mechanism

The most recently searches conclude that the best way
to improve the Vo2max and the anaerobic lactic acid
mechanism is ti use Long intervals especialy 2'min
92%vVo2max with 1'min Rec and 1'min 100%vVo2max
with 30'' rec and Short Intervals 20''-20'' ,15''-15'',10''-10''
15''-30'' ,15''-45'',10''-20'' 105-120%vVo2max .

Βibliography : Bucheit -Laursen "High-Intensity Interval Training ,Solutions
to the Programming Puzzle "
Yann Le Meur "French Institute of Sport ,Paris,France
Jornadas de actualizacion en rendimento deportivo Vittoria-Gasteiz
12th September 2015

Τετάρτη, 20 Ιουνίου 2018

HIITraining in Soccer Sample (2) Potenza Aerobica (Metabolic Power Training)

Specific endurance: Intermittent work and SSG in alternating reduced spaces

Specific resistance: intermittent work and games in alternating reduced spaces
What I propose to you today is a job we did at the beginning of November this year. The aim is to solicit the "specific resistance", ie the ability to sustain "repeatedly" high - intensity jobs.

First we divide the team into 2 groups that, alternatively, will perform the 2 proposals, one to "dry" and one through the use of the ball, which I will go to offer you.

The first proposal consists in performing an intermittent work 15 "- 15" on a 24mt shuttle run. Specifically, our players will have to perform in 15 "3 times the 24m or 72mt in 15" and then recover "passively" for another 15 ".

The second proposal consists in performing the exercises of 3 vs 3 or 4 vs 4 (depending on the players present) in a 30m x 30m space with a goal defended by the goalkeeper. The attacking team will have the task to make a goal in the goal defended by the goalkeeper while the team that defends, as soon as it recovers the ball, will have the goal to exceed the goal line behind the attackers having the opportunity to exploit the numerical superiority 5 vs 4 thanks to the goalkeeper.

As already explained at the beginning of the article, the work we performed consists in alternating the groups in the 2 proposals by performing 2 'of work and 2' of recovery. So a series is completed when the 2 groups have performed the 2 proposals. We have performed 3 complete series for a total of 24 'of work.
I noticed that in the last series the guys were really "tired" and struggled to maintain a high rhythm in the proposal with the ball. In this case I think it is preferable maybe at the end of the 2 series to give 30 "more recovery to keep up the pace.

Article :Resistenza Specifica :lavoro intermittente e partite in spazi ridotti alternati.
Preparatore Atletico ,Marco Benetton 

Τετάρτη, 13 Ιουνίου 2018

HIITraining in Soccer Sample (1) Potenza Aerobica (Metabolic Power Training)

Potenza Aerobica (Anaerobic Lactic Acid Training ) 
We propose one sample training for High Intermittent Intensity Training (HIIT) This high-intensity workout is useful in the 3rd week of preparation and during the season period. It has all the elements that are reinforced by the modern training philosophy (GPS Training ).This workout gives a significant percentage to all parameters such as ΜetP(w/kg),VO2m,M/min ,Acc,Dec,>30*,Deq,%Deq,%An etc .
Procedure of Exercise
Blue Line : 55m =10'' Passive Rest :20''
Yellow Line :115m =20'' Passive Rest:20''
Red Line :137m=25-30'' Passive Rest :10''
Black Line :170m =35''-40''   Total Duration 1 Repetition:470-476m M.Av Total time :2.30''
6 Repetitions =2820m  Time Repetitions : 1'.30''-2.00''

Both in the preparation phase and in the season it can be combined with a ball training session. However, due to the high percentage of accelerations and decelerations but also to metabolic power, it can also be used as a self-training without ball.My suggestion is to go ahead with a ball practice and then finish the training with this part,specific in the season period.Don't forget that when you plan a training without ball you must keep the simulations pattern of the real game.

This Training took place in Juventus fc period (2007-2009) Coach :C Ranieri Fitness Coach :A Pintus the last 3 years in Real Madrid and in National Team of France.

By Paul Gotsis Soccer Conditioning Specialist 
Τhe following days followed a second sample for (HIIT ) 


Πέμπτη, 7 Ιουνίου 2018

Gotsis leaves

Among the many departures that take place in Rizoupoli, another is imminent, but it raises questions. The reason for the Fitness Coach Pavlos Gotsis, who was one of the main players of the stay, and the excellent physical condition of the team, especially during the difficult period of the second round, where he managed to achieve his stay. The decision is  himself, despite the pressure he has received from Apollon fc men to stay. (Newspaper Sportime 06.06.2018 )

Κυριακή, 3 Ιουνίου 2018

HIIT (High Intensity Intermittent Training in Soccer )

HIT Training in High Intensity 

As part of the training methodology applied to football, in recent years we hear more and more talk about high intensity training. This type of training is known in the literature as HIT (High Intensity Training) and has important supporting scientific fundamentals (Helgerud, 2007, Iaia 2008 Thomassen, 2010, Buccheit 2013).The classifications described by the authors are different, but the one that can be considered exemplary and represented in figure 1.
Long Intervals > 45'',Short Intervals < 45'',Sprint Interval Training 20-30'',R.S.A < 10"

Beyond the theoretical classifications, for teaching purposes, to program a HIT training it is necessary to manipulate nine variables (Buccheit, 2013), for which the six indicated in figure 2 are relevant for practical purposes.
a.Repetition duration b.Repetitions Intensity c.Recovery duration d.Recovery methods e.Number of Repetitions f.Number of Series 

1.Long Intervals 
Repetition duration: Must allow to reach the VO2max .It is recommended a duration of more than 2-3 '.
Intensity :90-95%fcmax or 90%VAM.
Recovery method :Active or Passive
Recovery duration:Greater than or equal to 3 'between repetitions
Number of Repetitions :The minimum to obtain an improvement and 4 repetitions in the case of a 4' work duration, while a greater number of repetitions occurs if the duration is shorter.
Number of Series :This type of work, providing long intervals and active recovery, allows to carry out only one series (or 2 if the duration is less than 4 minutes) to obtain positive effects.
Practical Example :4x4'min ( or 4x1000m) .This work involves several physiological parameters, in particular the VO2max. By following and monitoring the parameters described, physiological responses and performance improvements can be obtained independently if such a proposal is carried out dry or with a ball, especially in young players.(Impellizzeri ,2006 Hill-Haas ,2009)

2.Short intervals 

Repetition duration: 10''-45''
Intensity :100-140% VAM The use of percentage values of the fc max in case of short intervals (above all equal to or less than 30 '') and less reliable because it does not follow the actual intensity of the training .(Billat ,2001 Laursen ,2002)
Recovery method :It can be active or passive. This last, with a fixed and intense interval, increases the lactic acid contribution. The former, on the other hand, maximizes the time spent at the Vo2max and consequently has a greater effectiveness in looking for adaptations to the aerobic system. in the use of the classic intermittent 10''-10'',15''-15'',30''-30'' only in this last active recovery increases the time spent on VO2max.
Recovery duration:Between repetitions it is equal to the duration of the interval to keep the performance fairly constant, or less than this to increase the total intensity of the exercise and "accumulate fatigue" (which is convenient to create physiological adaptations in the recovery phase of the following days). Between the series it is appropriate a recovery of 4-5 'active or of a shorter duration if passive.
Number of Repetitions/Series  :is indicated what allows the right volume of training suggested by the evidence for team sports such as football, or 5-7 'of effective work.
Practical Example : 2 Serie 20 repetitions 20''-20''

3.Sprint Interval Training 

Repetition duration: Between 20-30''
Intensity :all -out, or at the highest possible speed in each interval.
Recovery method : Passive to maintain constant the performance of sprint
Recovery duration:Greater than or equal to three times the duration of the sprint (always manage it based on the acute and chronic physiological response sought)
Number of Repetitions/Series  :8-12
Number of Series :A single series given very high intensity is enough in this type of intervention. A valid alternative could be to use the fail method or to carry out repeated sprints until it significantly decreases the intensity for 2 consecutive sprints (for example, if you can no longer cover a certain distance), all repeated for 2-3 series, interspersed with an active recovery (at a very mild pace) of 3-4 minutes depending on the performance level of the athletes, or of a shorter duration if passive.
Practical Example : It could be the execution of 8 repetitions of 30 '' all out with a passive recovery of 90 '' Or with the fail method, one could propose 2 series of 20 '' all out with a passive recovery of 2 'between the repetitions and 2-3 'between the series.

4.Repetead Sprint Training

Repetition duration: 3-10''
Intensity : all -out 
Recovery method :Active or passive based on the physiological response sought and the objectives of the training (in the same way as explained for the other types).
Recovery duration:Between the repetitions 20-60''bearing in mind that less recovery results in more time spent on the VO2max. Between the series and fundamental a large recovery, of 3-4 'if passive or up to 6 if it is active at low intensity
Number of Repetitions/Series  : Greater than or equal to 6
Number of Series : 2-3
Practical Example : 3 Set x10 (5'') all out with change direction 90*with passive rest 25'' between repetitions 3-4'min between set.

The parameters to be considered

  • Increasing intensity (mainly for short intervals)
  • Decreasing recovery time at fixed work interval
  • Taking advantage of a passive recovery, especially in the all-out intensity

In conclusion, it can be said that high intensity training is the present and future of the methodology in football. In fact, several studies have shown that physiological adaptations and performance improvements (especially number and frequency of high intensity actions in the race) are relevant and influence discrimination between players.(Iaia ,2009 )

Αuthor :Pasquale D'Antonio (Preparatore Atletico Professionista ) Il Nuovo Calcio -Number 305
Translate-Edit :Paul Gotsis Soccer Conditioning Specialist

Δευτέρα, 21 Μαΐου 2018

Congresso Internazionale :Training Load and Recovery in Football

Training Load and Recovery in Football (Exchange Experiences and Opinions )
Date:28.05.2018 Nelson Mantela Forum Firenze  Excellent organization, very good  all the speakers, much better compared to previous years. I think the speakers who stood out were  V.Di Salvo (National Team Italia ), A.Azzalin (Nantes Fc) ,S.Folletti (Juventus fc).
I will show you some slides from these speakers .
1.La Gestione dell'allenamento del calciatore -V.di Salvo 
a.Analysing the Football Performance Objectives 
b.Football Perfirmance priorities for Academy Football (U13-U18)
c.Periodization in a Proffesional Squad
d.Comparison Game-Training ,different plaeyr load,distance,metabolic power 

2.Programmazione dell' allenamento in diversi campionati europei :dati e riflessioni sul controlo del carico (Andrea Azzalin -Preparatore Atletico Nantes fc )

a.2 different microcycles from Monaco and Leicester 
b. Aerobic Metabolism in Soccer :Simulations and patterns of play 
*Increased total distance during the game
*Correlated to RSA
*Reduction of the negative metabolic effects related to the anaerobic metabolism
*Able to maintain a good ratio between work/power outpout in the end of the match

3.Filosofia di lavoro e strategie di recupero prima squadra -S.Folletti  
(Preparatore Atletico Juventus fc )
a.Recovery strategies of the First Team Juventus
b.Assessment Test (Vo2max Test,FMS Test,Strength Isom Test,Isokinetic Test )
c.Performance Test (Mognoni Test -Lactate Threshold,HIT Test ,CMJ Test,Test Agility)
d.Protocol for the players after the Game (24h-48h after the Game)
e.Different protocolls for the players who played 48h after the match.
f.Individual F.S.Training programms before the Training

Very good presentations, many common in their lectures  and all very interesting.
Home Message 
1.Aerobic Metabolim in Soccer = Simulations and patterns of play
2.Not only training with the ball but training and without ball  (General+Specific Training) for the Aerobic Mechanism
3.Balance betwwen load and recovery ,in reducing injuries.
4.Internal Load +External load after each training.
5.Replicate in the Microcycle Season Training.
For further